среда, 13 мая 2009 г.

[Wikipedia] May 14: Street newspaper

Street newspapers are newspapers or magazines that are sold by homeless
or poor individuals and are produced mainly to support these
populations. Most such newspapers primarily provide coverage about
homelessness and poverty-related issues, and seek to strengthen social
networks within homeless communities. Street papers aim to give these
individuals both employment opportunities and a voice in their
community. In addition to being sold by homeless individuals, many
papers are partially produced and written by them. Several publications
by charity, religious, and labor organizations tried to draw attention
to the homeless in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but street
newspapers only became common after the founding of New York City's
Street News in 1989. Similar papers are now published in over 30
countries, with most located in the United States and Western Europe.
They are supported by governments, charities, and coalitions such as
the International Network of Street Papers and the North American
Street Newspaper Association. Although street newspapers have
multiplied, many still face challenges, including funding shortages,
unreliable staff and difficulty in generating interest and maintaining
an audience.

Read the rest of this article:
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Street_newspaper>

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Today's selected anniversaries:

1607:

An expedition led by Edward Maria Wingfield, Christopher Newport, and
John Smith established the Jamestown Settlement in Virginia, the first
permanent English settlement in North America.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamestown_Settlement>

1796:

English scientist Edward Jenner began testing cowpox as a vaccine for
protection against smallpox.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Jenner>

1804:

The Lewis and Clark Expedition led by explorers Meriwether Lewis and
William Clark left Camp Dubois near present-day Hartford, Illinois, and
began the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and
back.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_and_Clark_Expedition>

1943:

World War II: The Australian Hospital Ship Centaur was attacked and
sunk by a Japanese submarine off the coast of Queensland, killing 268
people aboard.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AHS_Centaur>

1948:

David Ben-Gurion publicly read the Israeli Declaration of Independence
at the present-day Independence Hall in Tel Aviv, officially
establishing a new Jewish state in parts of the former British Mandate
of Palestine.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declaration_of_Independence_%28Israel%29>

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Wiktionary's word of the day:

grue (adj):
1. (philosophy) Of an object, green when first observed before a
specified time or blue when first observed after that time.

2. (linguistics) A term sometimes used as a translation of the word
used for both "green" and "blue" in certain languages, such as Welsh,
that do not distinguish between the two colors
<http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/grue>

___________________________
Wikiquote quote of the day:

Errors now almost universally exist, and must be overcome solely by the
force of reason; and as reason, to effect the most beneficial purposes,
makes her advance by slow degrees, and progressively substantiates one
truth of high import after another, it will be evident, to minds of
comprehensive and accurate thought, that by these and similar
compromises alone can success be rationally expected in practice. For
such compromises bring truth and error before the public; and whenever
they are fairly exhibited together, truth must ultimately prevail.
--Robert Owen
<http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Robert_Owen>


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