воскресенье, 10 мая 2009 г.

[Wikipedia] May 11: Eli Lilly

Eli Lilly (1838–1898) was a soldier, pharmaceutical chemist,
industrialist, and founder of the eponymous Eli Lilly and Company
pharmaceutical corporation. Lilly enlisted in the Union Army during the
American Civil War, he recruited a company of men to serve with him,
and was later promoted to colonel and given command of a force of
cavalry. After the war, he attempted to run a plantation in Mississippi
but failed and returned to his pharmacy profession after the death of
his wife. He opened his own business in 1876 with plans to manufacture
drugs and market them wholesale to pharmacies. His company was
successful and he soon became wealthy after making numerous advances in
medicinal drug manufacturing. Two of the early advances he pioneered
were creating gelatin capsules to hold medicine and fruit flavoring for
liquid medicines. Eli Lilly & Co. was the first pharmaceutical company
of its kind; it staffed a dedicated research department and put in
place numerous quality assurance measures. Lilly was an advocate of
federal regulation of the pharmaceutical industry and many of his
suggested reforms were enacted into law in 1906, resulting in the
creation of the Food and Drug Administration. He was also among the
pioneers of the concept of prescriptions. Using the wealth generated by
the company, his son and grandsons created the Lilly Endowment to
continue Lilly's legacy of philanthropy. The endowment remains one of
the largest charitable benefactors in the world.

Read the rest of this article:
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eli_Lilly>

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Today's selected anniversaries:

1745:

War of the Austrian Succession: French forces defeated the
Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian "Pragmatic Army" at the Battle of Fontenoy in
the Austrian Netherlands in present day Belgium.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fontenoy>

1792:

Merchant sea captain Robert Gray first entered the Columbia River,
becoming the first recorded European to navigate the largest river
flowing into the Pacific Ocean from North America.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray_sails_the_Columbia_River>

1812:

In the lobby of the British House of Commons, Spencer Perceval became
the first, and to date only, British Prime Minister to be assassinated.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spencer_Perceval>

1867:

The major powers in Europe signed the Second Treaty of London to solve
the Luxembourg Crisis between France and Prussia over the political
status of Luxembourg.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_London_%281867%29>

1949:

Siam was officially renamed Thailand, a name unofficially in use since
1939.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Thailand>

1960:

Israeli Mossad agents captured Adolf Eichmann, a Nazi leader and
fugitive war criminal who was sometimes referred to as "the architect
of The Holocaust", hiding in Argentina.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Eichmann>

_____________________________
Wiktionary's word of the day:

empyreal (adj):
1. Pertaining to the highest heaven or the empyrean; celestial;
exalted.

2. Of the sky or heavens.
3. Fiery, made of pure fire
<http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/empyreal>

___________________________
Wikiquote quote of the day:

Poets say science takes away from the beauty of the stars — mere globs
of gas atoms. Nothing is "mere". I too can see the stars on a desert
night, and feel them. But do I see less or more? The vastness of the
heavens stretches my imagination — stuck on this carousel my little eye
can catch one-million-year-old light. A vast pattern — of which I am a
part... What is the pattern or the meaning or the why? It does not do
harm to the mystery to know a little more about it.
--Richard Feynman
<http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Richard_Feynman>


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